Three-bin FOGO system | City of Fremantle

Three-bin FOGO system

About the three-bin FOGO system

The three-bin Food Organics Garden Organics (FOGO) system has rolled out to over 11,000 City of Fremantle households in September 2019. FOGO is the collection of food scraps, organic waste such as dog poo and kitty litter as well as garden waste which is placed in the lime green-lidded bin together to create high quality compost.

The three-bin FOGO system provides residents with more options for separating their waste with the aim to improve recovery rates, increase diversion from landfill and reduce costs of processing material. By collecting nutrient-rich food waste along with garden waste in the FOGO bin, we generate high quality compost to use on farms, parks and gardens and avoid organic waste going to landfill which produces harmful methane gas.

The three-bin system includes:    

Bin lid colour

Bin size

Bin purpose

Collection frequency

Lime green*


Food Organic Garden Organics (FOGO)








General waste


Graphic displaying four coloured bins.

Download the three bin waste calendar.

What can be put in each bin?

Lime green-lidded FOGO bin

All food organics including raw and cooked, bread, dairy, bones, shells and garden organics. FOGO waste is composted so it’s important to keep plastic and glass out of this bin. All food waste is to go into your FOGO bin either in a compostable liner, wrapped in newspaper or loose in the bin. Please make sure food is removed from packaging before being placed in the bin as any plastic packaging can contaminate the compost.

  • Fruit and vegetable scraps, processed food and leftovers from meals such as meat, fish, chicken, bread, egg, egg shells, dairy products, rice, pasta, coffee grounds and tea bags.
  • All garden organics including grass clippings, flowers, weeds, herbs, small branches and leaves.
  • Paper towels, compostable plates, compostable bags and pizza boxes can also be disposed of using the lime green-lidded bin.
  • You can also place pet droppings and kitty litter into this bin either straight into the bin or in a compostable liner, however biodegradable plastic liners are not to go into your FOGO bin, only compostable liners* as they will break down naturally in the composting process.

Compostable caddy liners 

Replacement compostable caddy liners are currently unavailable from City facilities. Information on the resupply of caddy liners will be sent to residents with the annual waste calendar in August.

If you have used both rolls of liners provided with your FOGO bin, please use alternative methods as listed below, purchase your own compostable liners or simply place your food waste loose into your caddy.

Please do not use plastic bags as this will contaminate your FOGO bin

Find out more on the compostable caddy liner FAQs page.

Yellow-lidded recycling bin

All items that go into the yellow-lidded recycling bin need to be clean, dry and empty:

  • Hard plastics with lids removed including cleaning product bottles, detergent bottles, punnets used to hold berries and tomatoes, bottles, trays, ice cream containers, plastic crockery, takeaway food containers, yoghurt containers and hard plastic packaging. Remember, if the plastic is scrunchable, it belongs in your general waste bin.
  • Flattened cardboard including cereal boxes, packing boxes, egg cartons, clean pizza boxes, toilet paper rolls.
  • Paper (excluding shredded paper) such as magazines, newspaper, office paper, paper bags, envelopes (including those with windows), clean paper plates and wrapping paper.
  • Glass bottles and jars.
  • Aluminium including baking trays, cake trays, cans and foil that is clean and scrunched into a ball.
  • Metal including food cans, pet food cans and tins.

If you find the capacity of your recycling bin is an issue, you can request an upgrade to a larger 360L recycling bin by contacting the City on 1300 MY FREO (1300 693 736) or email The upgrades are provided free of charge during the rollout period.

Remember, you can also drop off extra yellow bin recyclables to the Fremantle Recycling Centre on Montreal Street free of charge.

Red-lidded general waste bin

  • General rubbish items that cannot be composted or recycled, such as nappies, polystyrene, plastic bags, long life tetra cartons, phone books and soft plastics.

For a full list of items, visit Recycle Right.

Some items should not be placed into any of your bins and instead, can be dropped off at Fremantle Recycling Centre.

How do I order a new bin/replace a damaged bin?

Ordering new waste and/or recycling bin(s) for a new property or replacing a damaged or lost bin can be arranged by completing our online form.

Multi unit developments (MUD) residents will need to complete a MUD application for waste and recycling bins instead.

Why did we change to a new bin system?

The three-bin Food Organics Garden Organics (FOGO) system provides residents in the City of Fremantle, City of Melville and Town of East Fremantle with more options for separating their waste, with the aim of improving recovery rates, increasing diversion from landfill and reducing costs of processing material.

By collecting nutrient-rich food waste alongside garden waste in the FOGO bin, we generate a high-quality compost to use on farms, parks and gardens and avoid organic waste going to landfill which produces harmful methane gas.

The system has been successfully trialled in the City of Melville as part of a joint project between the Southern Metropolitan Regional Council, Cities of Fremantle, Melville and the Town of East Fremantle.

During this trial, the three-bin FOGO system was proven to achieve around 65% diversion from landfill. The process prevented valuable resources from going to landfill and was accompanied by strong participation and support from residents.

The three-bin system is the WA State Government’s preferred kerbside collection system and is considered the most suitable for achieving the State Government target of 65% diversion from landfill by 2020.

While three-bin systems have been implemented in a range of councils across Australia and several councils in the state’s south west, all other three-bin systems in the Perth Metropolitan area currently only offer residents a third bin for Garden Waste (GO), excluding valuable, nutrient rich food waste.

Is there an additional charge?

No. All City of Fremantle waste management services are covered by your rates.

Why has the size of the general waste bin changed?

On average, 60% of the waste we put into our general waste bin is FOGO material. When food and garden waste is sent to landfill, it generates harmful methane gas and contributes to higher processing costs through landfill fees.

Residents are encouraged to use their FOGO bin to ensure we can recover as much organic waste as possible and convert this material into much need compost. All your food waste including leftovers, peelings, cooked and raw meat, bones, shells, bread, seafood and dairy products can go into your FOGO bin, along with paper products like tissues, napkins, shredded paper, soiled newspaper and soiled pizza boxes.

If there’s not much going in your FOGO bin each week, you may wish to speak to your neighbour to see if you can set up a sharing arrangement.

We already compost at home, do we still need the FOGO bin?

We encourage you to compost at home, however you can use your lime green-topped FOGO bin for things you can’t put in your home compost bin, like bones, meat and seafood!

Play the FOGO game

Translated Three Bin FOGO Flyer

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